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  • Writer's picturePORTRAY Interiors




In physics, color is essentially the way our eyes and brain perceive different wavelengths of light reflected off objects.

Designers and homeowners should use colors wisely to create the intended atmosphere in each space. In physics, color is essentially the way our eyes and brain perceive different wavelengths of light reflected off objects.

The basis of all colors is the primary colors of red, yellow, and blue. The secondary colors are green, orange, and purple (or violet), which are made by combining red and blue, yellow and red, etc. The tertiary colors are the six grandchildren of the primary colors, so to speak. They have names like blue/green, red/orange, yellow/green, and yellow/blue. Different industries use different color wheels to create different hues, and different color schemes for different industries, such as RGBY and CMYK, for primary color basics and RGBY (red, blue, yellow) for tertiary hues.


In interior design, however, there some basics you need to know when using a color wheel.

Complementary Colors - These are colors or hues that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel, like blue and orange or yellow and violet. Complementary colors are usually used as accent colors in small quantities.

Triads - Triads form a triangle on the color wheel, like yellow, blue and red; or orange, green, and violet. These colors can also be used as accent colors, but they must be balanced. If not, they can overwhelm a room.

Analogous Colors - These are groups of colors that are right beside each other on the color wheel, like red, orange, and red/orange.

Monochromatic Colors - Keeping it simple, this is the use of only one color, but in shades from dark to light, like navy to powder blue.

Cool and Warm Colors - Cool and warm colors are typically sued to create a mood in a room. Cool colors are blues, greens, and purples, while warm colors are reds, oranges, yellows, and pinks.

Non-Colors - Non-colors aren’t found on the color wheel, but still, play a very important role in interior design.  Non-colors are the greys, beiges, browns, whites, and black.


There is no doubt that the cores chosen for a project can affect a person's mood, mood, and general mood. One way that color affects our mental and emotional makeup goes back to the ancient Egyptians who studied the effects of color on mood and used it for holistic benefits. For example, red was thought to increase circulation, orange to increase energy, and blue to relieve pain.

The development of modern psychology has also expanded the study of color, which has been used successfully in design and marketing, architectural design, and, yes, interior design for decades. Even Swiss psychologist Carl Jung defined the four temperaments in terms of colors: sun yellow, earth green, cold blue, and fiery red.


"Red is never boring." Red is the most intense color, which increases the energy of a room. Red spurs conversation and gives the first impression strongly. It's great for kitchens and it's known to increase appetite.


Pink is a wonderful wall color to create a feeling-good atmosphere. It can be used for "girly" children's or teenagers' rooms.


An apricot or terracotta of orange can be relaxed (more and more popular in the mid-west) Bright orange provides warmth and adventure. If used excessively, it can overpower.


Yellow is an uplifting color, but you really need to pick the right shade. You want to make sure it isn't too bright or too mute. But use deep yellow and gray for a sophisticated look. Yellow and orange are excellent choices for breakfast rooms, and yellow is great as an accent color in small quantities.


Green is suitable for all rooms in the house and can be calming when it's used as the main decoration color. Dark green is associated with ambition, greed, jealousy, and emotional healing and protection.


Blue is linked to trust, loyalty, wisdom, trust, understanding, faith, truth, and sky. Light or pastel-blue can create tranquility in a room with little natural light. Dark blue is knowledge, power, integrity, and gravity.


Purple is dramatic, rich, and sophisticated in its darkest values. Lighter purple values can make a bedroom more restful, like lavender. 75% of pre-adolescent children opt for purple over any other color.

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